Object Oriented Datastructures using Java

By Nell Dale, Daniel T. Joyce and Chip Weems
Welcome to the first edition of Object-Oriented Data Structures using Java. This book has been written to present the algorithmic, programming, and structuring techniques of a traditional data structures course in an objectoriented context. You’ll find that all of the familiar topics of lists, stacks, queues, trees, graphs, sorting, searching, Big-O complexity analysis, and recursion are still here, but covered from an object-oriented point of view using Java. Thus, our structures
are defined with Java interfaces and encapsulated as Java classes. We use abstract classes and inheritance, as appropriate, to take advantage of the relationships among various versions of the data structures. We use design aids, such as Class-Responsibility-Collaborator (CRC) Cards and Universal Modeling Language (UML) diagrams, to help us model and visualize our classes and their interrelationships. We hope that you enjoy this modern and up-to-date approach to the traditional data structures course.
Abstract Data Types

Over the last 16 years, the focus of the data structures course has broadened considerably. The topic of data structures now has been subsumed under the broader topic of abstract data types (ADTs)—the study of classes of objects whose logical behavior is defined by a set of values and a set of operations.
The term abstract data type describes a domain of values and set of operations that are specified independently of any particular implementation. The shift in emphasis is representative of the move towards more abstraction in computer science education. We now are interested in the study of the abstract properties of classes of data objects in addition to how the objects might be represented in a program.
The data abstraction approach leads us, throughout the book, to view our data structures from three different perspectives: their specification, their application, and their implementation. The specification describes the logical or abstract level. This level is concerned with what the operations are and what they do. The application level, sometimes called the user level, is concerned with how the data type might be used to solve a problem. This level is concerned with why the operations do what they do. The implementation level is where the operations are actually coded. This level is concerned with the how questions.
Using this approach, we stress computer science theory and software engineering principles, including modularization, data encapsulation, information hiding, data abstraction, stepwise refinement, visual aids, the analysis of algorithms, and software verification methods. We feel strongly that these principles should be introduced to computer science students early in their education so that they learn to practice good software techniques from the beginning.
An understanding of theoretical concepts helps students put the new ideas they encounter into place, and practical advice allows them to apply what they have learned. To teach these concepts we consistently use intuitive explanations, even for topics that have a basis in mathematics, like the analysis of algorithms. In all cases, our highest goal has been to make our explanations as readable and as easily understandable as possible.