Computer Programming Algorithms Directory

Encryption Algorithms
  • Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), Data Encryption Standard (DES), Triple-DES and Skipjack Algorithms - Offers descriptions of the named encryption algorithms.
  • Blowfish - Describes the Blowfish encryption algorithm. Offers source code for a variety of platforms.
  • KremlinEncrypt - Cryptography site provides an overview of cryptography algorithms and links to published descriptions where available.
  • PowerBASIC Crypto Archives - Offers PowerBASIC source code for many algorithms including:
    Hashing - RIPEMD-160, MD5, SHA-1, SHA-256, CRC-16, CRC-32, Adler-32, FNV-32, ELF-32
    Encryption - RSA-64, Diffie-Hellman-Merkle Secure Key Exchange, Rijndael, Serpent, Twofish, CAST-128, CAST-256, Skipjack, TEA, RC4, PC1, GOST, Blowfish, Caesar Substitutional Shift, ROT13
    Encoding - Base64, MIME Base64, UUEncode, yEnc, Neuronal Network, URLEncode, URLDecode
    Compression - LZ78, LZSS, LZW, RLE, Huffman, Supertiny
    Psuedo-Random Number Generation (PRNG) - Mersenne Twister Number Generator, Cryptographic PRNG, MPRNG, MOAPRNG, L'Ecuyer LCG3 Composite PRNG, W32.SQL-Slammer
  • TEA - Tiny Encryption Algorithm - Describes the TEA encryption algorithm with C source code.
  • xICE - Has links towards the bottom of the page to the description of the xice encryption algorithm as well as the xice software development kit which contains the algorithm's full source code in C++, ASP, JScript, Ruby, and Visual Basic 6.0.

Genetic Algorithms

  • Artificial Life - Offers executable and source for ant food collection and the travelling salesman problems using genetic algorithms
  • Genetic Ant Algorithm - Source code for a Java applet that implements the Genetic Ant Algorithm based upon the model given in Koza, Genetic Programming, MIT Press
  • Introduction to Genetic Algorithms - Introduces fundamentals, offers Java applet examples
  • Jaga - Offers a free, open source API for implementing genetic algorithms (GA) and genetic programming (GP) applications in Java
  • SPHINcsX - Describes a methodology to perform a generalized zeroth-order two- and three-dimensional shape optimization utilizing a genetic algorithm

GIS (Geographic Information Systems) Algorithms

  • Efficient Triangulation Algorithm Suitable for Terrain Modelling - Describes algorithm and includes links to source code for various languages
  • Prediction of Error and Complexity in GIS Algorithms - Describes algorithms for GIS sensitivitiy analysis
  • Point in Polygon Algorithm - Describes algorithm

Sorting Algorithms

  • Andrew Kitchen's Sorting Algorithms - Describes parallel sorting algorithms:
    Odd-Even Transposition Sort has a worst case time of O(n), running on n processors. Its absolute speed up is O(log n), so its efficiency is O((log n)/n)
    Shear Sort has a worst case time of O(n½ log n), running on n processors. Its absolute speed up is O(n½), so its efficiency is O(1/n½)
  • Ariel Faigon's Library of Sorting Algorithms - C source code for a variety of sorting algorithms including Insertion Sort, Quick Sort, Shell Sort, Gamasort, Heap Sort and Sedgesort (Robert Sedgewick quicksort optimization)
  • Flash Sort - Describes the FlashSort algorithm which sorts n elements in O(n) time
  • Michael Lamont's Sorting Algorithms - Describes common sorting algorithms:
    O(n²) Sorts - bubble, insertion, selection and shell sorts
    O(n log n) Sorts - heap, merge and quick sorts
  • Sequential and Parallel Sorting Algorithms - Describes many sorting algorithms:
    Sorting Networks
    Bitonic Sort
    Odd-Even Mergesort
    4-way Mergesort
    Rotate Sort
    s^2-way Mergesort

Search Algorithms

  • Exact String Matching Algorithms - Details 35 exact string search algorithms.
  • Finding a Loop in a Singly Linked List - Outlines several methods for identifying loops in a singly linked list.
  • Fibonaccian search - Describes an O(log n) search algorithm for sorted arrays that is faster than a binary search for very large arrays.

Tree Algorithms

  • B-Trees: Balanced Tree Data Structures - Introduction to B-Trees. Describes searching, splitting and inserting algorithms.

Computational Geometry Algorithms

  • CGAL - Offers open source C++ library of computational geometry algorithms.
  • FastGEO - Offers source code for a library of computational geometry algorithms such as geometrical primitives and predicates, hull construction, triangulation, clipping, rotations and projections using the Object Pascal language.
  • Wykobi - FastGEO library ported to C++.

Phonetic Algorithms

  • Lawrence Philips' Metaphone Algorithm - Describes an algorithm which returns the rough approximation of how an English word sounds. Offers a variety of source code listings for the algorithm.
  • Soundex Algorithms - Describes the NYSIIS VS Soundex and R. C. Russell's soundex algorithms.

Project Management Algorithms

  • Calculations for Critical Path Scheduling - Describes the algorithms for calculating critical paths with both ADM and PDM networks.
  • Resource Leveling Using the Minimum Moment Heuristic - Offers a Windows 3.1 download that includes a .PDF document describing the algorithm.
  • Resource-Constrained Project Scheduling - (.PDF) Describes several algorithms for resource leveling:
    Basic Single Mode RCPSP
    Basic Multi-Mode RCPSP
    Stochastic RCPSP
    Bin Packing related RCPSP
    Multi-resource constrained project scheduling problem (MRCPSP)

Miscellaneous Algorithms

  • AI Horizon - Has a variety of algorithms, from basic computer science data structures such as 2-3 trees to AI-related algorithms such as minimax and a discussion of machine learning algorithms.
  • Hash Algorithms - Overview and source code (in C, Pascal and Java) for many general purpose hashing algorithms.
  • Porter Stemming Algorithm - Describes a process for removing the commoner morphological and inflexional endings from words in English. Its main use is as part of a term normalisation process that is usually done when setting up Information Retrieval systems.
  • Rubik's Cube - Solves a Rubic's Cube using the BestFast search algorithm and profile tables.
  • Simulated Annealing - The fundamental idea is to allow moves resulting in solutions of worse quality than the current solution (uphill moves) in order to escape from local minima. The probability of doing such a move is decreased during the search.
  • The Stony Brook Algorithm Repository - Offers a collection of algorithm implementations for over seventy of the most fundamental problems in combinatorial algorithms:
  1. Data Structures - Dictionaries, Priority Queues, Suffix Trees and Arrays, Graph Data Structures, Set Data Structures, Kd-Trees
  2. Numerical Problems - Solving Linear Equations, Bandwidth Reduction, Matrix Multiplication, Determinants and Permanents, Linear Programming/Simplex Method, Random Number Generation, Factoring and Primality Testing, Arbitrary Precision Arithmetic, Knapsack Problem, Discrete Fourier Transform
  3. Combinatorial Problems - Sorting, Searching, Median and Selection, Permutations, Subsets, Partitions, Graphs, Calendrical Calculations, Job Scheduling, Satisfiability
  4. Graph Problems - Polynomial Time Problems (Connected Components, Topological Sorting, Minimum Spanning Tree, Shortest Path, Transitive Closure and Reduction, Matching, Eulerian Cycle / Chinese Postman, Edge and Vertex Connectivity, Network Flow, Drawing Graphs Nicely, Drawing Trees, Planarity Detection and Embedding)
  5. Graph Problems - Hard Problems (Clique, Independent Set, Vertex Cover, Traveling Salesman Problem, Hamiltonian Cycle, Graph Partition, Vertex Coloring, Edge Coloring, Graph Isomorphism, Steiner Tree, Feedback Edge/Vertex Set
  6. Computational Geometry - Robust Geometric Primitives, Convex Hull, Triangulation, Voronoi Diagrams, Nearest Neighbor Search, Range Search, Point Location, Intersection Detection, Bin Packing, Medial-Axis Transformation, Polygon Partitioning, Simplifying Polygons, Shape Similarity, Motion Planning, Maintaining Line Arrangements, Minkowski Sum
  7. Set and String Problems - Set Cover, Set Packing, String Matching, Approximate String Matching, Text Compression, Cryptography, Finite State Machine Minimization, Longest Common Substring, Shortest Common Superstring
  • NIST Dictionary of Algorithms and Data Structures - Some entries have links to implementations.

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